This highly efficient, multi-species processing plant can be used in many ways. The large cattle pens can be used for large numbers of small animals, or the small animal pens can be used for single bulls, or bison, or any combination of animals. Most animals arrive in stock trailers, but for the large trucks a portable ramp is used and backed into the stock trailer chute. All animal are weighed as they come off the trucks. Deep grooved concrete was used in all curved fence areas and in the holding pens. The three most important principles when designing facilities for cattle are; Solid sided fences in high use areas like the curved lane and crowd pen. Blocking vision with solid fences keeps them calm. Deep groove concrete floors also keeps cattle calm, and gives them confidence waking through the facility. Curved fences promote forward motion and make cattle think they’re going back where they came from. Curves also prevent abrupt corners or chutes that appear dead-ended, and take advantage of cattle’s natural tendency to circle.